Naag Panchami is the day where the serpents are worshipped. It is celebrated on Shrawan Krishna Sukla Paksha every year. Along with Nepal, it is also celebrated in the various province of India by all Hindu devotee. Naag Panchami’ is celebrated by visiting different temples, lakes or pond, worshipping Nags and chanting mantras to please Nag Devata.
Nag Panchami Puja 2021 Dant Time and Tithi
Next year on 2078 B.S., Naag Panchami is going to be celebrated on 28th of Shrawan Wheras august 12, 2021 according to Nepalese calendar.
Nag Panchami is on Friday, August 12, 2021
Legends Behind Naag Panchami
There are various beliefs and legends about the origin of Naag Panchami. In Hindu mythology, on often heard is of Lord Krishna. On the Yamuna river of Brindaban, one of the strongest serpent Kalia had created a threat to people. Every people of Brindaban were frightened to go to the Yamuna river.
Discerning the situation, Lord Krishna went to the river and dived into it. Inside the river, he fought with serpent Kalia. Finally, Lord Krishna defeated the serpent Kalia and came out with his feet on the serpent Kalia head.
Then Lord Krishna ordered serpent Kalia must leave the river, and serpent Kalia ran away. The day on which Lord Krishna defeated serpent Kalia is believed to on the Panchami of Shrawan Krishna Paksha. So, ‘Naag Panchami’ is celebrated from that day.’
In Hindu mythology believed that the dynasty of Naags came from Kadru, one of the thirteen wives of Saptarishi Kashyapa. These Nags were believed to rule over Patal where dead ones suffer afterlife due to their bad deeds. So, it is believed that worshipping serpents on these days pleased the King of Naags at Patal and left their dead ones from suffering in Patal.
Story Behind Naag Panchami?
Among many legends, one of the often-heard legends is about the merchant. There was once a merchant, who had seven sons. His sons were married to Preeti women. Among them, the youngest daughter in law is of kind-hearted. One day all daughter in law merchant decides to take mud to decorate the house. All of them agreed and went to take mud. While searching for mud, suddenly the snake came out.
All of the daughters in law show hastiness to kill the snake, but the youngest daughter in law stop them from killing the snake. She told me that she’d come with a pot of milk to feed the snake. After that, all of them went to their home. But due to household chores, the youngest daughter in law forgot to take milk to feed the snake. She went another day to that place with milk, and the snake was still there. The wishful snake drank the milk and called her as a sister.
After certain days, that wishful snake came to that village in the form of human and went to the house of the merchant. He convinced merchant that he is the brother of the youngest daughter in law and he came to take her sister to his home for some days.
After that, the youngest daughter in law and her brother went to his home. On the mid-way, the brother revealed that he was the same snake whose life was saved by her and who she used to give milk. He also told that when she wishes and think about him, he came there and fulfilled her wish. After that, she went to her brother’s luxurious house. She met her new father and mother for the first time. When she is at her mansion, she daily used to perform Puja and light diyo on the house.
This activity causes the father of wishful snakehead burned. So, he came in anger to bite the woman, but the mother snake prevents him. After certain days, daughter in law went back to her husband home with lots of precious and expensive jewellery.
Among the jewellery, she had one necklace of the diamond, which is very attractive. The fame about her necklace spread to the whole village also to their queen. When the queen heard that she decided to buy it from the merchant. So, queen bought it from the merchant.
The youngest daughter in law become so sad. She wishes that when the queen wears that necklace, it will turn into a snake and when she got that, it would turn into the necklace. After she makes wishes, she thinks about her brother. The brother appears there and makes her wish to come true. After that, she always performs Puja to the statue of the snake and offers milk.
The father of the wishful snake has still had that anger and decided to bite her one day and went to her home. When he reached her home, he saw that she was worshipping the serpent and offering milk to them. This activity pleased the father of wishful snake and returned without biting her, and he gives a blessing to her whole family.
It is believed that the day when the father of the wishful snake was pleased, is the Panchami of Shrawan Krishna Paksha. From that day is believed to be celebrated as ‘Naag Panchami.’
Hence, people worship serpents on this occasion with the belief that family members were unharmed by the serpents throughout the year. Also, worshipping serpents on this day please the King of the serpent and brings peace and prosperity to the family.
CELEBRATED BY: Hindu people
CELEBRATED AT: All over Nepal
Also Read: Hindu Important Festival Janai Purnima
Rituals Performed: How do we Celebrate Naag Panchami?
On the day of Naag Panchami, people visit different temples. It is believed that serpents are the one who is responsible for rain at the right time. People believed that Nags reside on the nearby lakes or water resources.
So, people went to different ponds or lakes on this day to worship Nags and to pray for the convenient pouring of rain. The famous ponds where people often visit this day are Siddhapokhari of Bhaktapur, Taudaha lake in Kirtipur and many other lakes and pond in Nepal.
Along with these, devotee also attaches the poster of serpents with cow dung, Dubo grass and coins on the main door of their house. It is believed that Posting poster of serpents on the front door, the serpents will not enter into the house and prevent threats of serpents.
Along with these, people offer milk, sweets and flowers to the statue of a snake. It is believed that if people observe serpents on this day, it will prevent them from misfortune and brings longevity, peace and prosperity to them and their family members.
On Bhaktapur, people also often worship the statue of Garuda at Changu Narayan Temple this day with the belief that it would prevent them from the harm of the serpents.
Also, people chanted different mantras to please Nag devata and to prevent the country from any unexpected natural calamities.
Hence, the ‘Naag Panchami’ is celebrated by visiting different temples, lakes or pond, worshipping Nags and chanting mantras to please Nag Devata.
Frequently Asked Questions
Why do we celebrate Nag Panchami?
People worship serpents on this occasion with the belief that family members were unharmed by the serpents throughout the year. Also, worshipping serpents on this day please the King of the serpent and brings peace and prosperity to the family.
What should we do on Nag Panchami?
On this day people visiting different temples, lakes or pond, worshipping Nags and chanting mantras to please Nag Devata. Along with these, people offer milk, sweets and flowers to the statue of a snake.