Reasons You Should be Talking About Nepal Temple-Architecture Designs.
Nepal Temple-Architecture Designs
Nepal Architecture Designs of The Pagoda
Of the many architectural styles in Nepal, one of the most striking is the pagoda. The pagoda temple originated here and is said to have derived from the practice of animal sacrifice. One theory on the evolution of the pagoda argues that worshipers found it necessary to have an altar that was sheltered to keep the rain from extinguishing the fire. It was also needed, however, to cut a hole in the roof to let out the smoke. To keep the rain from entering the hole, a second roof was added atop the first.
Nepal temple architecture Design
Most pagodas stand on a square base, or plinth, of brick or wood. It has two to five roofs, each smaller than the one below. The uppermost roof is usually made of metal and gilded, as are frequently the lower ones. The buildings are richly adorned with carved pillars, struts, doors, and other woodwork. Most decorative carvings are of various deities of all sizes and shapes. Such as gods with many arms or deified, humanized animals, often in erotic poses.
The deity to whom the temple is dedicated is usually housed on the ground floor. The upper levels are more decorative than functional. Some art historians believe that the receding upper tiers are intended to represent the umbrellas that protect deity from the elements. Above the main entrance is a semi-circular tympanum or to-Rana usually with the enshrined deity as the central figure. The Nyatpola temple in Bhaktapur is considered the most impressive pagoda in the country.
Nepal Architecture Designs of The Shikara
Although the shikara is of northern Indian rather than Nepali origin. Many of Nepal’s temples follow its architectural form. Shikara a simple square tower of bricks or stones and mortar, with a small room at the base that houses the god or goddess. Variations on the shikara have pillars, balconies and surrounding interconnected towers, which may also house deities.
The Krishna Mandir in Patan is an excellent example of a stone shikara. The most exciting shikara in Nepal is the Mahabuddha, temple of One Thousand Buddhas, also in Patan. This shikara is built with bricks, each containing an image of Buddha.
The Gompa and the Hindu Monastery
Another form of architecture indigenous to Nepal and neighbouring Tibet is the gompa. It is the Buddhist monastery of the high-mountain regions. Although they follow a reasonably simple floor plan. All gompas are finely adorned and embellished and many dates back to the time of Ashoka.
The most striking example of this architecture in Nepal is the Thangboche monastery at Khumbu, near Mount Everest. There are about 400 Buddhist monasteries in Kathmandu valley. Those near the stupa at Bodhnath are open to visitors.
Of a more intricate style are the Hindu monasteries, thirty of which are located in the Kathmandu valley. These serve as centres of Hindu study and learning. The most beautiful is probably the Pujahari Math in Bhadgaon.
Nepal Temple-Architecture Designs of The Stupa
The Buddhist stupa is the oldest and most straightforward of the Nepali art forms. On its base, most often a stepped pyramidal platform is a solid hemispherical mound in white adorned by a spire. The hill represents the universe, and the pairs of eyes on the four sides of the spire symbolize the four steps between the dome and the spire represent the 13 degrees of knowledge needed to attain nirvana.
The canopy that surmounts the top of the spire represents nirvana. Each stupa is usually ringed by prayer wheel, each of which is given a twirl by devotees as they circle the shrine clockwise.
The oldest know stupas in Nepal are those erected by Ashoka in Patan, but the most famous are those of Swayambhunath and Bodhnath.